Food additives – Antibiotics

Antibiotics range: 700–799. Available codes: 700–717.
An antibacterial is an agent that inhibits bacterial growth or kills bacteria.
Here there is a list with food additives used as antibiotics.

CodeNameDescriptionRiskUser Rate
E700BacitracinBacitracin is a mixture of related cyclic polypeptides produced by organisms of the licheniformis group of Bacillus subtilis var Tracy. As a toxic and difficult-to-use antibiotic, bacitracin does not work well orally. However, it is very effective topically, and is a common ingredient of eye and skin antibiotic preparations. Its action is on Gram-positive cell walls. It can cause contact dermatitis and cross-reacts with allergic sensitivity to sulfa-drugs.unknown-
E701TetracyclinesTetracyclines are a group of broad-spectrum antibiotics whose general usefulness has been reduced with the onset of bacterial resistance. Side-effects from tetracyclines are not common, but of particular note is phototoxicity. It increases the risk of sunburn under exposure to light from the sun or other sources. They may cause stomach or bowel upsets, and, on rare occasions, allergic reactions. Tetracyclines are contraindicated for use in children under 8 years of age.unknown-
E702ChlortetracyclineChlortetracycline (trade name Aureomycin, Lederle) is a tetracycline antibiotic. See E701 for similar details.unknown-
E703OxytetracyclineOxytetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic that is active against a wide variety of bacteria. See E701 for similar details.unknown-
E704OleandomycinOleandomycin is a macrolide antibiotic. It is synthesized from strains of Streptomyces antibioticus. It is weaker than erythromycin.unknown-
E705Penicillin-G-potassiumPenicillin G potassium is a colorless or white crystal, or a white crystalline powder which is odorless, or practically so, and moderately hygroscopic. Penicillin G potassium is very soluble in water. The pH of the reconstituted product is between 6.0-8.5. Benzylpenicillin, commonly known as penicillin G, is the gold standard type of penicillin. Adverse effects can include hypersensitivity reactions including urticaria, fever, joint pains, rashes, angioedema, anaphylaxis, serum sickness-like reaction. Rarely CNS toxicity including convulsions (especially with high doses or in severe renal impairment), interstitial nephritis, haemolytic anaemia, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, and coagulation disorders. Also reported diarrhoea (including antibiotic-associated colitis).unknown-
E706Penicillin-G-sodiumPenicillin G sodium, a water soluble benzylpenicillin, is a white to almost white crystalline powder which is almost odorless and/or after reconstitution a colorless solution. See E705 for similar details.unknown-
E707Penicillin-G-procainePenicillin G procaine is an equimolar salt of procaine and penicillin G. It occurs as white crystals or a white, microcrystalline powder and is slightly soluble in water. See E705 for similar details.unknown-
E708Penicillin-G-benzathynePenicillin G benzathine is prepared by the reaction of dibenzylethylene diamine with two molecules of penicillin G. See E705 for similar details.unknown-
E710SpiramycinsSpiramycins are a class of antibiotics, produced by the mould Streptomyces ambofaciens.unknown-
E711VirginiamycinsAn antibiotic mixture of virginiamycin M1 and virginiamycin S1, produced in cultures of Streptomyces virginiae; active against gram-positive cocci. Used mostly as a feed additive for pigs to promote growth.unknown-
E712Flavomycin, FlavophospholipolFlavomycin is a performance enhancer for use in pigs, poultry, cattle, rabbits, and aquatic species. Flavomycin allows for the early establishment of normal gut microflora by sparing beneficial lactic acid producing bacteria. unknown-
E713TylosinTylosin is an antibiotic, produced by the mould Streptomyces fradiae. Antibiotic against fungi and moulds. Acceptable Daily Intake: Up to 0,2 mg/kg body weight.unknown-
E714MonensinA broad-spectrum antibiotic obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces cinnamonensis and used chiefly as an additive to beef cattle feed.unknown-
E715AvoparcinAvoparcin is a glycopeptide antibiotic, produced by Streptomyces candidus.unknown-
E716SalinomycinSalinomycin is a sodium salt of polyether of monocarboxylic acid, produced by Streptomyces albus E-766. It is used as an additive on the prevention of coccidiosis in the chickens reared for laying.unknown-
E717AvilamycinAvilamycin is a mixture of oligosaccharides of the orthosomycin group, that are produced by Streptomyces viridochromogenes.unknown-


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