Food additives – Acidity regulators, Anti-caking agents

pH regulators & anti-caking agents codes: 500–599; Subranges: 500–509 mineral acids & bases, 510–519 chlorides & sulphates, 520–529 sulphates & hydroxides, 530–549 alkali metal compounds,550–559 silicates, 570–579 stearates & gluconates, 580–599 others.
Here there is a list with food additives used as acidity regulators, anti-caking agents:

CodeNameDescriptionRiskUser Rate
E500Sodium carbonates: Sodium carbonate, Sodium bicarbonate (Sodium hydrogen carbonate), Sodium sesquicarbonateSodium carbonate is the sodium salt of carbonic acid. It is more commonly known as washing soda or soda ash. It is synthetically produced in large quantities from table salt, and produces a white powder that is used as an acidity regulator, anti-caking agent, raising agent, and a stabiliser in foods. Used in beer making, soft drinks, carbonated beverages, sherbet lollies and confectionary, noodles, baked goods, and also used as an additive in baking.safe-
E501Potassium carbonates: Potassium carbonate, Potassium bicarbonate (Potassium hydrogen carbonate)Potassium carbonate is produced synthetically for commercial use by the electrolysis of potassium chloride. It is used as an acidity regulator, and buffering agent in food. Used in bakery goods, soft drinks, cocoa, confectionary, custard powder, mead and wine.safe-
E503Ammonium carbonates: Ammonium carbonate, Ammonium bicarbonate (Ammonium hydrogen carbonate)Ammonium carbonate commonly known as baker’s ammonia, is produced commercially by heating a mixture of ammonium chloride and chalk. It is used as a raising agent, and acidity regulator in food. Used in cheese, jelly, and canned fruits and vegetables. Some gas formation in the stomach after ingestion. safe-
E504Magnesium carbonates: Magnesium carbonate, Magnesium bicarbonate, Magnesium hydrogen carbonateMagnesium carbonate is a naturally occurring mineral, but commercially it is prepared by mixing magnesium and carbonate ions under an atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Magnesium bicarbonate is prepared by exposing magnesium hydroxide to carbon dioxide under pressure. It is used as an acidity regulator, alkali, bleaching and anti-caking agent in foods. Used in flour products, breads, and bakery products. High concentrations act as a laxative. safe-
E505Ferrous carbonateFerrous carbonate is the precipitated result of the reaction of ferrous sulphate and sodium carbonate in an aqueous medium. This results in a tan brown to reddish brown powder that is used mainly to fortify foods containing iron, and as an acidity regulator in food. Used in iron-fortified foods, and in pharmaceutical preparations.safe-
E507Hydrochloric acidHydrochloric acid is synthetically prepared by adding gaseous hydrogen chloride to water. The resulting acid is highly corrosive and a strong mineral acid. Hydrochloric acid is found naturally in the stomach, also known as gastric acid. It has wide applications but is used as an acidity regulator in food. Used mainly for the malting of beer, gelatine manufacture, and cornflour. safe-
E508Potassium chloridePotassium chloride is a natural mineral salt composed of chlorine and potassium. Commercially it is usually extracted from salt water. It is usually used as a salt replacer in foods. It is also used as a gelling agent, acidity regulator, thickener, and stabiliser in foods. It is toxic in high doses. It can cause cardiac arrest and rapid death. In small doses it is considered safe and it is almost self-limiting, because most people perceive potassium chloride to taste extremely bitter.suspicious-
E509Calcium chlorideCalcium chloride is a common salt that is a crystalline solid at room temperature. It can be produced directly from limestone, although commercially it can be exacted from sea salt and rock salt. It is used as a sequestrant and firming agent in food, as an electrolyte in sports drinks, and used as a preservative for canned foods. Used in sausage, canned fish and shellfish, processed vegetables, processed meat, cheese, and baking powder.safe-
E510Ammonium chloride, ammonia solutionAmmonium chloride is a natural mineral salt that is the crystalline salt of ammonia. Commercially it is produced by reacting ammonia with hydrogen chloride. It is used as an acidity regulator and for flavour in foods, and can also be used as a nutrient for yeast in yeast-fermented products. Used in beer and low-salt, low-sodium products. suspicious-
E511Magnesium chlorideMagnesium chloride is a natural mineral salt that has been mined out of ancient seabeds. Commercially it is produced from sea water after the sodium chloride and the water have been removed. It is used as a firming agent, stabiliser, and colour retention agent in foods. Can act as a laxative. safe-
E512Stannous chlorideStannous chloride also known as Tin chloride is produced by dissolving tin in hydrochloric acid. It is used as a reducing agent, anti-oxidant, and colour retention agent in foods. Used in many foods such as soups, jellies, ice-creams, meringues, cream, milk, yoghurt, and laxatives. Daily Intake: Up to 2 mg/kg body weight.suspicious-
E513Sulphuric acidSulphuric acid is a natural strong mineral acid. Commercially it is prepared by the oxidation of sulphur dioxide in the presence of water. It produces a clear, colourless, and odourless liquid that is used as an acidity regulator in food. Used mainly in beer.unknown-
E514Sodium sulphates: Sodium sulphate, Sodium hydrogen sulfatSodium sulphate is the sodium salt of sulphuric acid, which is a natural strong mineral acid. Commercially it is produced by the oxidation of sulphur dioxide in the presence of water. It is used as an anti-caking agent in foods. Used in bakery products, and confectionary. suspicious-
E515Potassium Sulphates: Potassium Sulphate, Potassium hydrogen sulfatPotassium sulphate is a mineral salt that is rare in nature, and is commercially produced by mixing potassium chloride with sulphuric acid. It is used as an acidity regulator in brewing, and as an anti-caking agent, and salt replacer. Used in beer, food supplements, canned vegetables, and infant formula. It is also used in bath salts and pharmaceuticals.suspicious-
E516Calcium sulphateCalcium sulphate is a white solid and very soluble compound that is naturally found in gypsum and anhydrite, which may be extracted by deep mining, or open-cast quarrying. It is used as a stabiliser, metal binding agent, bleaching agent and a nutrient for yeast in bread, and as a safe calcium supplement. Naturally found in meat, cereals, and vegetables and is used primarily in agriculture and livestock feed. It can also be used in infant formula as a mineral supplement. suspicious-
E517Ammonium sulphateAmmonium sulphate is an inorganic chemical compound that is commercially prepared by reacting ammonia with sulphuric acid. This results in fine, white, hygroscopic granules, or crystals, that are soluble in water. Ammonium sulphate is used as a stabiliser, buffer, and bread enhancer in foods. Found in foods such as pickled vegetables, beer, and proteins. unknown-
E518Magnesium sulphate, Epsom saltsMagnesium sulphate is a chemical compound which is a white crystalline solid that is prepared from magnesium salts and sulphuric acid. It is more commonly known as Epsom salts. This is mainly used for its medicinal purposes and can also be used as nutritional supplement. In food it is used to enhance the firmness of canned vegetables. Found in foods such as flour, cheese, and confectionary. It is a strong laxative.unknown-
E519Copper(II) sulphateCopper sulfate is a mineral salt that is naturally found in meat, cereals, and vegetables. Commercially it is prepared by reacting various copper (II) compounds with sulphuric acid. This produces a series of different compounds ranging from blue crystalline solids to gray-white powders. Copper sulphate is mainly used in agriculture, in livestock feeds, and to stimulate growth in pigs. It can also be used as a mineral supplement in infant formulas. Found in foods such as baking powder. unknown-
E520Aluminium sulphateAluminium sulphate is produced by dissolving aluminum hydroxide in sulphuric acid, to produce a white crystalline solid that is soluble in water. It is mainly used to purify drinking water, and in waste water treatment plants. It is also used as a firming agent and acidity regulator in some foods. Found in foods such as pickled vegetables and seaweeds, flour and starches, egg-based desserts, and composite foods. Aluminium inhibits the uptake of B-vitamins. It may also influence liver function in high concentrations. However with use of E520 the concentrations are too low. unknown-
E521Aluminium sodium sulphateAluminium sodium sulphate is prepared from natural aluminium sulphate, which is produced by dissolving aluminium hydroxide in sulphuric acid. It is used as an acidity regulator, and bleaching agent in foods. Used in cocoa products, confectionary (in the preparation of caramel), sour cream, edible fats and oils, jams and jellies, tinned vegetables, to enhance the industrial peeling of fruits, black olives, and in pretzel glazes. Aluminium inhibits the uptake of B-vitamins. It may also influence liver function in high concentrations. However with use of E520 the concentrations are too low. unknown-
E522Aluminium potassium sulphateAluminium potassium sulphate is prepared by reacting potassium sulphate with aluminium sulfate, and then dissolving aluminum hydroxide in sulphuric acid. It is used as a stabiliser, and as an acidity regulator in food. Found in foods such as baking powder. Aluminium inhibits the uptake of B-vitamins. It may also influence liver function in high concentrations. However with use of E520 the concentrations are too low.unknown-
E523Aluminium ammonium sulphateAluminium ammonium sulphate is prepared by reacting ammonium sulphate with aluminium sulphate, which is produced by dissolving aluminum hydroxide in sulphuric acid. It is used as a stabiliser, firming agent, and raising agent in foods. Found in foods such as pickled vegetables and seaweeds, flour and starches, egg-based desserts, and composite foods. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 0,6 mg/kg body weight. ium inhibits the uptake of B-vitamins. It may also influence liver function in high concentrations. However with use of E520 the concentrations are too low.unknown-
E524Sodium hydroxideSodium hydroxide also known as caustic soda is a white solid power that is produced commercially by the electrolysis of sodium chloride. Sodium hydroxide is a strong base/alkali that has many applications within the food industry as an acidity regulator. Used in cocoa products, confectionary (in the preparation of caramel), sour cream, edible fats and oils, jams and jellies, tinned vegetables, to enhance the industrial peeling of fruits, black olives, and in pretzel glazes.unknown-
E525Potassium hydroxidePotassium hydroxide is a white, deliquescent solid that is produced commercially by the electrolysis of potassium chloride using the chloralkali process. Potassium hydroxide is a strong alkali, and is used as an acidity regulator in foods. Used in cheese, and canned goods to stabilise colour in vegetables.unknown-
E526Calcium hydroxideCalcium hydroxide also known as pickling lime is a soft white powder or a colourless liquid that is produced commercially by mixing calcium oxide with water. It can also be precipitated by mixing calcium chloride with sodium hydroxide. Calcium hydroxide is a strong alkali that is used as an acidity regulator, and firming agent in foods. Used in bakery products, and cocoa products.suspicious-
E527Ammonium hydroxideAmmonium hydroxide also known as ammonia water, is a solution of ammonia in water. It is a strong alkali that is used as an acidity regulator in food.unknown-
E528Magnesium hydroxideMagnesium hydroxide also known as Milk of Magnesia, is an inorganic compound that is commercially precipitated by the metathesis reaction between magnesium salts and sodium, potassium, or ammonium hydroxide. It produces a white solid, odourless powder that is practically insoluble. It is used as an antacid, and acidity regulator in food. Laxative in high concentration. unknown-
E529Calcium oxideCalcium oxide also known as burnt lime, is a non-metallic chemical compound. It is produced by heating limestone, coral, sea shell or chalk which all contain calcium carbonate, to drive off the carbon dioxide leaving the calcium oxide residue behind. It is used as an acidity regulator in some foods, as a stabiliser in bakery products, and as a nutrient for yeast. Used in many products including pork pies, tinned meats, cereal based baby foods, dairy based drinks, fat spreads, processed fruit, food supplements, beer and malt beverages, mead, and dietetic formulas.safe-
E530Magnesium oxideMagnesium oxide better known as magnesia, occurs naturally in metamorphic rocks. It is produced by burning a magnesium ribbon which then oxidises in a bright white light, leaving behind a white powder. It is used as an acidity regulator, anti-caking agent, and as a vitamin supplement in foods. Used in bakery products, frozen dairy products, canned peas, butter, and cocoa products. It is also used in antacids and vitamin supplements. Magnesium acts as a laxative in high concentrations.safe-
E535Sodium ferrocyanide, Yellow prussiate of soda, YPSSodium ferrocyanide, commonly known as yellow prussiate of soda is a chemical compound that is produced when hydrogen ferrocyanide and sodium hydroxide are combined. It is used as an anti-caking agent in food, and is used as a colour when combined with iron to produce Prussian blue. Used in salt as an anti-caking agent. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 25 mg/kg body weight. Use is very limited, partly due to the strong yellow colour.unknown-
E536Potassium ferrocyanide, Yellow prussiate of potashPotassium ferrocyanide, commonly known as yellow prussiate of potash is a chemical compound that is produced when hydrogen ferrocyanide and potassium hydroxide are combined. It is used as an anti-caking agent in food, and as a colour when combined with iron to produce Prussian blue. Used in wine to remove copper from grapes, and as an anti-caking agent in salt. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 25 mg/kg body weight.suspicious-
E537Ferrous hexacyanomanganateFerrous hexacyanomanganate is prepared by adding hydrogen manganocyanide and iron hydroxide together. As a food additive it is used as an anti-caking agent. Used in licorice powder (salmiak).suspicious-
E538Calcium ferrocyanide, Yellow prussiate of limeCalcium ferrocyanide, commonly known as yellow prussiate of lime is a chemical compound that is produced when hydrogen ferrocyanide and calcium hydroxide are combined. It is used as an anti-caking agent in food, and as a low-sodium salt substitute. Used as a low-sodium salt substitute. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 25 mg/kg body weight.suspicious-
E539Sodium thiosulphateSodium thiosulfate is a chemical compound that is commercially produced from liquid waste products of sodium sulphide. It can also be prepared by heating an aqueous solution of sodium sulphite with sulfur. It is used as an anti-browning agent, anti-oxidant, and sequestrant in foods. Found in potatoes, and potato products. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 0,7 mg/kg body weight. Thiosulphate is converted into sulphite and has similar side effects, see E221.unknown-
E540Dicalcium diphosphatePolyphosphates are the salts of sodium, potassium, calcium, and ammonium with phosphates. These are all produced synthetically from their respective carbonates and phosphoric acid, to produce a mineral salt that is used as a stabiliser, acidity regulator, sequestrant, and emulsifier in foods. It is also used to help retain water during processing and storage.Used in many products such as soy milk, pate and processed meats, beer, ice-cream, milk shakes, sweetened condensed milk, sauces and desserts. Daily Intake: Up to 70 mg/kg body weight. High concentrations of phosphates may disturb several metabolic processes as phosphate plays an important role in general metabolism.unknown-
E541Sodium aluminium phosphate: Acidic, BasicSynthetically produced from aluminium, phosphoric acid and sodium hydroxide. Acceptable daily intake (ADI: Up to 0,6 mg/kg body weight. Aluminium impairs the calcium and phosphorous uptake by the body.unknown-
E542Bone phosphate, Essentiale Calcium Phosphate, TribasicBone phosphate is a natural compound that is produced by using the residue of bones that have been treated with a caustic solution, and then with hydrochloric acid. It is then precipitated with lime, and dried into a powder that is used as an anti-caking agent, emulsifier, moisture retaining agent, and a sequestrant in foods. It is also used as a source of phosphorous in vitamin supplements. Used in dried coffee whiteners, cane sugar, and as a filler in tablets. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 70 mg/kg body weight. unknown-
E543Calcium sodium polyphosphateSodium calcium polyphosphate is a heterogeneous mixture of calcium and sodium salts of polyphosphoric acids. It is a colourless, odourless crystalline powder that is insoluble in water but very soluble in an acid medium. It is used as an emulsifier, raising agent, moisture-retaining agent, sequestrant, and stabiliser in food. Used in many foods such as soy milk, pate and processed meats, beer, ice-cream, milk shakes, sweetened condensed milk, sauces and desserts. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 70 mg/kg body weight. Polyphosphates may inhibit digestive enzymes in high concentrations.unknown-
E544Calcium polyphosphateCalcium polyphosphate is a heterogeneous mixture of calcium salts of polyphosphoric acids. It is an colourless, odourless crystalline powder that is insoluble in water but very soluble in an acid medium. It is used as an emulsifier, moisture-retaining agent, sequestrant, and texturiser in food. Used in soy milk, pate and processed meats, beer, ice-cream, milk shakes, sweetened condensed milk, sauces and desserts. It can be used in diabetic products. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 70 mg/kg body weight. Polyphosphates may inhibit digestive enzymes in high concentrations.unknown-
E545Ammonium polyphosphateAmmonium polyphosphate is an inorganic salt of polyphosphoric acid and ammonia. It is a white crystalline powder that is insoluble in water but very soluble in an acid medium. It is used as an emulsifier, anti-caking agent, and sequestrant in food. Used in essential oils, sweeteners, pudding mixes, and flavour bases. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 70 mg/kg body weight. Polyphosphates may inhibit digestive enzymes in high concentrations.unknown-
E546Magnesium pyrophosphateMagnesium pyrophosphate is produced when sodium phosphate is added to magnesium sulphate in the presence of ammonia and ammonium chloride, which is then heated to over 100 degrees. The residue that is left behind is magnesium pyrophosphate. It is used as an anti-caking agent in food. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 70 mg/kg bodyweight. unknown-
E550Sodium Silicates: Sodium silicate, Sodium metasilicateSodium silicate is an inorganic compound that is produced by combining various ratios of sand (silicon dioxide, quartz) with sodium carbonate (soda ash) at very high temperatures. This produces a colourless, transparent, glass-like substance that can be either in liquid or powdered form. It is soluble in water, and is used as an anti-caking agent, and buffer in food. Used in preserving eggs, vanilla powder, and canned peaches.unknown-
E551Silicon dioxide, SilicaSilicon dioxide more commonly known as silica, is an oxide of silicon (sand or quartz) and is the most abundant mineral in the Earth's crust. It is used as an anti-caking agent, anti-foaming agent, as well as a filtering agent to remove protein and yeast in beer. It is also used as a vitamin supplement (for hair, nails and connective tissue and helps in reducing inflammation). Used in beer, dried milk, confectionary, powdered sugars, processed cheese, fat spreads, and salt.unknown-
E552Calcium silicateCalcium silicate is a chemical compound that is produced by reacting calcium oxide and silica in various ratios. It forms a white or cream powder that can absorb high levels of water, and is used as an anti-caking agent and as an antacid. Used in dried whey and whey products, chewing gum, powdered sugars, and salt. It is also used as an antacid.unknown-
E553aMagnesium silicate, Magnesium trisilicateProduced from magnesium sulphate and sodium silicate. Used in many dry products. Main use is in cosmetics.unknown-
E553bTalcTalc is a synthetic compound that is produced by hydrating silicate salts of magnesium, and is also known as Magnesium silicate. It produces a white, grey, green, blue or silver powder with a clear dusty luster. It is one of the earth’s softest minerals, and is insoluble in water. It is used as an anti-caking agent in food. Used in icing sugar, chocolate, confectionary, noodles, and in medications.unknown-
E554Sodium aluminium silicate, Aluminosilicic acid, Aluminum sodium silicateSodium aluminosilicate is a natural compound that contains silicon, sodium, aluminium, and oxygen. It may also contain water. It is usually white, or colourless, or can be shades of blue, yellow, orange, and brown crystals that are slightly opaque. This compound is widely used as an anti-caking agent in food. It can be produced in a wide range of compositions to suit many different applications. Used in salt, dried milk substitutes, sugar products, egg mixes, and flours.unknown-
E555Potassium aluminium silicatePotassium aluminium silicate (muscovite mica or microcline) is a naturally occurring mineral found in many rock types. It is formed by aluminium silicate sheets being weakly bonded together by layers of potassium ions. It is used as an anti-caking agent in food to ensure that dry powders mix properly together to avoid clumping and sticking together. Used in dry powdered mixes. It is no longer approved for use in cheese products which includes unripened, ripened, semi-hard, cheese powders and soft cheeses, nor in powdered milk products.unknown-
E556Calcium aluminosilicateCalcium aluminosilicate is a naturally occurring silicate clay. In it’s dehydrated form it is a fine, white, free-flowing powder that is used as an anti-caking agent in food. Used in whole, broken or flaked grain, sugars and syrups, salt, herbs, spices and seasonings, and canned or bottled fruit juice wines.suspicious-
E557Zinc silicateZinc silicate can be produced directly from willemite, or can be synthetically produced from quartz and zinc oxide. It is used as an anti-caking agent in food, although rarely used, and its use is restricted. Used in dry products, but very rarely used.suspicious-
E558BentoniteBentonite an impure clay consisting mostly of montmorillonite, that is prepared from the alteration of volcanic ash. The deposits are mined, the solid bentonite is extracted, crushed, and activated with soda ash. It is used as an anti-caking agent, and emulisifier in food, and has the ability to remove impurities from edible oils and fats. Used in sugar, honey, beer, wine, and mineral water.unknown-
E559Aluminium silicate, KaolinAluminium silicate or commonly known as Kaolin, is a clay mineral that is mined, treated for impurities, and then dried to produce an ordourless, soft, whitish powder. It is used as an anti-caking agent in foods. Used in instant coffee, milk powder and aromas, and is also used as an antacid.unknown-
E560Potassium silicatePotassium silicate is a naturally occurring compound that is the potassium salt of silicic acid. It is water soluble and is used in foods as an anti-caking agent.unknown-
E561VermiculiteVermiculite is a natural mineral that expands with the application of heat. The expansion process is called exfoliation and it is routinely accomplished in purpose-designed commercial furnaces. Vermiculite is formed by weathering or hydrothermal alteration of biotite or phlogopite. Vermiculite ore, particularly those mined from the U.S., usually is contaminated with asbestos.unknown-
E562SepioliteSepiolite is a clay mineral, a complex magnesium silicate. Owing to its fibrous mineral nature, sepiolite veins may contain the hazardous material, asbestos; even where asbestos is not present, sepiolite is often mistaken for it. Careful analytical techniques may be required to distinguish the two.unknown-
E563Sepiolitic claySepiolitic clay is hydrated magnesium silicate of sedimentary origin, containing at least 40% sepiolite and 25% illite. It is a naturally mined mineral. It is used as a binder, anticaking agent and coagulant.unknown-
E565LignosulphonatesLignosulphonates are produced from wood. They are used as binders, anticaking agents and coagulants.unknown-
E566Natrolite-phonoliteNatrolite-phonolite is a natural mixture of aluminum silicates, alkalines and alkaline-earth and aluminum hydrosilicates, natrolite (43% - 46,5%) and feldspar. It is used as a binder, anticaking agent and coagulant.unknown-
E570Stearic acidStearic acid is a natural saturated fatty acid. It is commercially prepared by treating animal fat with water at high temperature and pressure. It can also be obtained by the hydrogenation of some unsaturated vegetable oils. It is used in food as an anti-caking agent, foaming and glazing agent, and a plasticizer in chewing gum.unknown-
E571Ammonium stearateAmmonium stearate is the ammonium salt of stearic acid.unknown-
E572Magnesium stearate, calcium stearateMagnesium stearate and calcium stearate are the magnesium and calcium salts of stearic acid. It produces a white substance at room temperature that is insoluble in water. It is used as a diluent in medications. In foods, it is used as an anti-caking agent, emulsifier, stabiliser, and releasing agent. Used in capsules and tablets, baby formula, bakery products, artificial sweeteners, confectionary, and baby powders.unknown-
E573Aluminium stearate Aluminum stearate is the aluminum salt of stearic acid. Stearic acid and stearates are typically derived from plant material.unknown-
E574Gluconic acidGluconic acid occurs naturally in fruit, honey and wine. It is produced through bacterial fermentation of a carbohydrate source. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 50 mg/kg body weight.unknown-
E575Glucono-delta-lactoneGlucono-delta-lactone is a natural ester of gluconic acid, which is formed by the fermentation of glucose. This process is done by evaporation, and produces a white, odourless, crystalline powder that is used in foods as an acidity regulator, sequestrant, and leavening agent. It can also be used to add a tangy tasted to foods, and as an artificial sweetener base.unknown-
E576Sodium gluconateSodium gluconate is the sodium salt of gluconic acid. Sodium gluconate is used as a sequestrant. It is also used as nutrient for yeast. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 50 mg/kg body weight.unknown-
E577Potassium gluconatePotassium gluconate is the potassium salt of gluconic acid, which is a naturally occurring compound that is found in fruit, honey, tea and wine. It can also be produced by the fermentation of glucose with certain moulds, to produce a colourless or white to tan crystalline powder that is very soluble in water. It is used as an anti-oxidant, sequestrant, stabiliser, and mineral supplement in food. Used as an iron supplement in foods and infant formulas. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 50 mg/kg body weight.unknown-
E578Calcium gluconateCalcium gluconate is the calcium salt of gluconic acid, which is a naturally occurring compound that is found in fruit, honey, tea and wine. It can also be produced by the fermentation of glucose with certain moulds, to produce colourless crystals that are very soluble in water. It is used as a firming agent, buffer, sequestrant, acidity regulator, artificial sweetener base, and as a mineral supplement in food. Used in chewing gum, lozenges, breath fresheners, dietary supplements, and body building formulas. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 50 mg/kg body weight.safe-
E579Ferrous gluconateFerrous gluconate is the iron salt of gluconic acid, which is a naturally occurring compound that is found in fruit, honey, tea, and wine. It can also be produced by the fermentation of glucose with certain moulds, to produce black crystals that are very soluble in water. It is used as a colour, and iron supplement in foods. Used in dietary supplements as a source of iron, and for colouring olives. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 0,8 mg/kg body weight.suspicious-
E580Magnesium gluconateMagnesium gluconate is the magnesium salt of gluconic acid, which is a naturally occurring compound that is found in fruit, honey, tea, and wine. It can also be produced by the fermentation of glucose with certain moulds. It is used as an acidity regulator, firming agent, yeast nutrient, and a mineral supplement in food.In flour, bread and bakery products, and iodised table salt. It is also an ingredient in baby formula milk.safe-
E585Ferrous lactate, Iron dilactateFerrous lacate is the iron salt of lactic acid, which is a natural acid produced by the fermentation of lactose (milk sugar). It is produced commercially from the bacterial fermentation of carbohydrates and molasses. It is used as an acidity regulator, colour retention agent, and to fortify foods containing iron. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 0,8 mg/kg body weight. Although the name refers to milk, it is not made from milk and thus suitable for people with milk allergy or lactose intolerance. suspicious-
E586Hexylresorcinol 4Hexylresorcinol is a chemical compound with anaesthetic, antiseptic and antihelmintic properties. It is used as an anthelmintic and antiseptic agent for mouthwashes and skin wound cleansers and anti-browning agent in foods. It exhibits some estrogenic activity, I.e. resembles action of the female sex hormone estrogen.suspicious-
E598Synthetic calcium aluminatesSynthetic calcium aluminates are synthesised by burning high grade crude aluminous bauxite and limestone in an arc-furnace kiln. Synthetic calcium aluminates are currently only used for animal feed, and there are no listed uses for human food consumption.unknown-
E599PerlitePerlite is a naturally occurring siliceous rock, that is mined and then ground into a course to fine white powder. It has the ability to expand four to twenty times its original volume. It is a sterile and inert compound that does not alter the colour or taste of the liquid it is added to. It is used for filtering liquid in the pharmaceutical, food, and beverage industries. Used in pharmaceuticals, many food and drink products.unknown-


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